Diabetes mellitus affects how your body uses blood glucose (sugar). Glucose is very important for our body and supplies us with energy but too much glucose in your blood can cause serious health problems. There are two types of chronic diabetes: Type 1 results from the body’s inability to produce insulin and Type 2 results from insulin resistance.
High blood pressure (hypertension) occurs when the force of the blood against your artery walls is high enough that it may eventually cause health problems. You may have high blood pressure without having any symptoms and uncontrolled high blood pressure can increase your risk of stroke and heart attack.
Blood thinners (anticoagulants) are used to prevent clotting of blood. These medications help prevent blood clots in the legs and lungs and help prevent heart attack and stroke.
High levels of “bad” (LDL) cholesterol and low levels of “good” (HDL) cholesterol in the blood are associated with increased risk of atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease. Genetics, diet, and obesity can play in a role in causing high levels of LDL and low levels of HDL. A healthy diet, regular exercise, and medications can help reduce high cholesterol.
Asthma is a disorder that causes the airways of the lungs to swell and narrow causing symptoms of wheezing, shortness of breath, coughing, and chest tightness. Most common treatments are with medications like inhaled beta-2 agonist and oral corticosteroids.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is one of the most common lung diseases that block airflow and make breathing difficult. Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are the two most common conditions that make up COPD. Treatment with medications can help control symptoms and minimize further damage.